Cocaine Addiction Treatment
Cocaine, also known as coke, blow, powder, or nose candy, is a stimulant drug. It is typically produced into a powder and can be snorted, smoked, or intravenously injected as a solution.
Cocaine is typically created by synthesizing coca leaves, a plant native to South America. In the early 1900s, the purified chemical cocaine hydrochloride was isolated from the plant for the first time. Cocaine is now sold as cocaine hydrochloride or diluted with other substances, such as cornstarch, talcum powder, or other drugs like amphetamines or caffeine.
Cocaine is one of the most powerfully addictive drugs. It has an immediate stimulant effect on the brain. Users feel a sense of euphoria, a numbing of the senses, and drastic changes to the central nervous system.
This causes a variety of behavioral changes and mental delusions. Cocaine can cause heart attacks, strokes, seizures, and in rare cases, sudden death on the first use.
It is a Schedule II drug, which means it has a high potential for abuse but can be administered by a doctor in certain medical instances¹.
Crack is a very dangerous type of cocaine that is smoked. It can cause permanent alterations to brain cell activity and further shrink blood vessels. Crack is highly addictive and can cause major organs to stop performing their normal functions in the body. This results from affected vessels ceasing to transmit normal bodily signals, which can kill users immediately after consumption.
More Cocaine Resources
- Cocaine & Other Drug Effects on Your Eyes
- How to Tell if Someone Is on Cocaine
- Learn more about other drugs