Kratom is a plant in the coffee family that’s native to Southeast Asia, and it acts as a stimulant in low doses and as a euphoric sedative in higher doses. The dried leaves can be smoked, used to make a tea or powdered and made into capsules. Kratom is also known as ketum, kakuam and thom.
Kratom acts on the delta and mu opioid receptors of the brain, which are the same areas that heroin and prescription opioid pain relievers activate.
Marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug in the U.S., but few people understand what cannabinoids are or how they interact with the body.
Cannabinoids: The Active Ingredients in Marijuana
Cannabinoids are the active compounds found in the cannabis plant—more commonly known as marijuana—that act on the brain to cause effects that include the feeling of being high.
Buprenorphine is a medication that’s widely used to treat opioid addiction. It’s a semi-synthetic opioid that’s derived from thebaine, which is an alkaloid of a type of poppy plant.
How Buprenorphine is Used to Treat Addiction
Withdrawal symptoms associated with an addiction to heroin, OxyContin, Vicodin or another opiate can be excruciating. Symptoms typically include flu-like symptoms such as:
In February the Drug Free America Foundation and Hillsborough County Anti-Drug Alliance sponsored the 4th Annual Tampa Drug Summit. The summit was held at TPepin’s Hospitality Centre in Tampa, Florida and featured two days of education on current drug policy issues, followed by a half-day of prevention best practices and implementation ideas.
Drug sensitization, or reverse tolerance, is the opposite of developing a tolerance to drugs or alcohol.
Alcohol Tolerance occurs when regular drinking or drug use causes changes in the brain’s function and structures, and the metabolism adapts to the regular presence of drugs in the body. As a result, it takes increasingly higher doses of a psychoactive substance to get the same effects that a smaller dose produced before, according to HAMS: Harm Reduction for Alcohol.
Reverse tolerance, on the other hand, occurs when it takes smaller doses of a drug to become intoxicated.
Synthetic marijuana goes by a variety of names: K2, spice and fake weed are just a few of the most popular terms. While K2 may be marketed as a safe and legal alternative to pot, this synthetic drug is far more dangerous and can even be deadly.
Despite federal attempts to ban K2 from gas stations and other store shelves, the drug remains readily available. State legislators are trying to crack down on this growing drug problem; in fact, New Hampshire governor Maggie Hassan declared a public health emergency in 2014 in response to a rash of overdoses in the state.